国際法研究ブログ

国際法関連のニュースをクリップしていくサイトです。

核兵器禁止条約の採択

核兵器禁止条約が採択されました。国連決議はこちら。投票結果はこちら(元々反対する国は軒並み欠席している中で,オランダだけ反対票。シンガポールが危険。122カ国が賛成)。毎日新聞日本語の全訳が載っています。複雑な手続が必要であるはずの条約ですが,条文数20条。核兵器の廃絶義務を規定した4条は1つ1つの条項がやたら長くて19世紀の条約を思い起こさせます・・・。

個人的に興味深いと思った条文は:

Article 3 Safeguards

1. Each State Party to which Article 4, paragraph 1 or 2, does not apply shall, at a minimum, maintain its International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards obligations in force at the time of entry into force of this Treaty, without prejudice to any additional relevant instruments that it may adopt in the future.

2. Each State Party to which Article 4, paragraph 1 or 2, does not apply that has not yet done so shall conclude with the International Atomic Energy Agency and bring into force a comprehensive safeguards agreement (INFCIRC/153 (Corrected)). Negotiation of such agreement shall commence within 180 days from the entry into force of this Treaty for that State Party. The agreement shall enter into force no later than 18 months from the entry into force of this Treaty for that State Party. Each State Party shall thereafter maintain such obligations, without prejudice to any additional relevant instruments that it may adopt in the future.

Article 5
National implementation

1. Each State Party shall adopt the necessary measures to implement its obligations under this Treaty.

2. Each State Party shall take all appropriate legal, administrative and other measures, including the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Treaty undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control.